Duttaphrynus stomaticus

  Indian marbled toad ( Duttaphrynus stomaticus ) also known as the Indus Valley toad or simply marbled toad, is a species belongs to the g...

Indian marbled toad (Duttaphrynus stomaticus) also known as the Indus Valley toad or simply marbled toad, is a species belongs to the group of toad commonly found in Asian countries such as India, Iran, Afghanistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is also acknowledged as "house toad" on account its common abundance near cultivated plains and human settlements which have still water resources. It is a nocturnal species and its diet includes of small insects. 

Duttaphrynus stomaticus (Pic Credits: Dr. Amit Kotwal) 
Scientific classification 
Kingdom: Animalia 
Phylum: Chordata 
Class: Amphibia 
Order: Anura 
Family: Bufonidae 
Genus: Duttaphrynus 
Species: stomaticus 
Binomial name 
Duttaphrynus stomaticus (Lütken, 1864) 
Conservation status :Least Concern 

These toads do not have cranial crests; gap between the eyes is broader than the upper eyelid; Tympanum is distinct, round, and is two third of the diameter of eye; its first and second finger sub-equal and there is a single sub-articular tubercle; a spiny ridge is found on the tarsus; the parotid gland is longer than broad; a distinct tibial gland is also present. There are three dark bands run diagonally on the forearm whereas underside is whitish color having dark mottling over the throat. Coloration of the body is as: Dorsally the species are olive or light gray to nearly black in color having dark mottling or bear grayish dark reticulation; upper lip are cream in appearance; Ventral is grimy white, dark mottling over the throat where tips of the digits are dark brown.

Literature Cited: 

Frost, D.R. (2019). "Duttaphrynus stomaticus (Lütken, 1864)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 November 2019. 
Khan, MS (2002) Riparian Tadpoles of Punjab, Pakistan: Bufo stomaticus Lütkin, 1862. Bull. Chicago Herp., Soc., 37(12):216-219. 
Kotwal, A., Raina, R. and Wanganeo, A. (2016). Morphometric Studies on Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799) Anura: Bufonidae from Central India, Bhopal (MP) with Special Reference to their Mortality by Roads. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(8): 114-120. 
Kotwal, A., Raina, R. and Wanganeo, A. (2018). Status and diversity of anurans (Anuran: Frogs and Toads) in Barkatullah University Campus, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, Central India. International Journal of Advanced Science and Research, 3(1): 87-89 
Manhas, A., Kotwal, A., Wanganeo, R.R. and Wanganeo, A., 2015. Diversity, Threats and Conservation of Herpetofauna in and around Barkatullah University, Bhopal (MP), India. Int. J. Adv. Res. 3: 1546-1553. 
Stöck, M., Khan, M.S., Papenfuss, T., Anderson, S., Kuzmin, S., Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Dutta, S., Ohler, A., Sengupta, S., Manamendra-Arachchi, K.., De Silva, A., Anderson, S. and Sharifi, M. (2009). "Duttaphrynus stomaticus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009: e.T54768A11201081. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T54768A11201081.en. Retrieved 24 December 2019.



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Herps Of Doda: Duttaphrynus stomaticus
Duttaphrynus stomaticus
Herps Of Doda
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